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Weather and Climate

Weather and climate, although related, are entirely separate concepts. Climate is the general weather conditions of a region and is typically averaged over a number of years. Weather on the

An Emerging Threat to the Great Lakes

The Great Lakes are a unique ecosystem, home to thousands of plant and animal species and contain more than 20% of the world’s surface freshwater, which is less than 1%

Lake Sturgeon, a Great Lakes Icon

The Lake Sturgeon, Acipenser fulvescens, is a native fish to the Great Lakes, and is the largest endemic fish in the region, growing up to six feet in length and

Great Lakes Restoration Initiative

The Great Lakes Restoration Initiative (GLRI), is a four year investment in the Great Lakes, and is the largest investment in the past two decades. This collaborative program includes a

Cladophora and Botulism in Lake Michigan

Cladophora and botulism are both naturally existing organisms found in the Great Lakes, including Lake Michigan. A commonly held belief is that all native organisms are good and all non-native

The Clean Water Act: 40 Years Later

The first major US law to address water pollution was the 1948 Federal Water Pollution Control Act. Amid growing public awareness and concern for the environment, the law was radically


Pharmaceutical Pollution in the Great Lakes

Pharmaceutical and personal care product (PPCP) pollution is an emerging concern within the Great Lakes basin. Increased use combined with increased awareness of health impacts stemming from chemical exposure have

Invasive Species in the Great Lakes

A non-native species is a species not naturally found in an environment. An invasive species is a species that causes economic or ecologic harm. All invasives are non-natives, but not

Michigan’s Awesome Wetlands

A commonly held belief is that the Great Lakes ecosystem stops at the shoreline, when in actuality the shoreline itself, and the surrounding streams and wetlands are also an integral